What is Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS ) ?

Pcos is a disorder of the internal abnormal conditions of the ovaries which is caused by genetic imbalance.

I understand how it feels to have or contract something you didnt bargain for, inheriting something not so good.

Are you a young girl with pcos?

Have you ever experience menses that lasted for 2 to 3 weeks?

Do you wonder if a Polycystic ovary syndrome ( pcos) person can ever get pregnant or deliver successfully without miscarriage?

Now these are some of the worries people with pcos face……

It’s quite challenging for them I know… But , its not a death sentence…

It is very important for someone with pcos to embark on an intensive treatment.

People with pcos needs close monitoring. Reason being that , it may lead to infertility and ovarian cancer if not monitored….

What are ovaries

Do you know that, the small bean-shaped organs on either side of your womb are called THE OVARIES? I know you must have been thought that in high school , but if not!…..Well now u know…..

Every month, your ovaries develop sacs called follicles from where eggs are released monthly and female sex hormones produced.

After the egg is released every month, the sac disintegrates.

But sometimes, the egg is not released and the sac remains or the egg is released and the sac does not disintegrate.

This follicle becomes the fluid-filled cyst sac.

Usually this is not a problem as it could form during every menstrual cycle and usually resolves on its own.
These cysts are called the functional cysts.

However, these cysts could get very big and in some instances become twisted or they could rupture causing problems. This latter type is called *pathological cyst.*

Examples of pathological cysts occur in Polycystic ovary syndrome and endometriosis. In the former, small cysts appear all over the surface of the ovary and is also associated with irregular menstruation and high hormonal levels.

In endometriosis, the tissues of the uterus (womb) are found outside of the uterus. These two pathological cysts are associated with fertility problems.

Functional cysts are hardly associated with fertility issues except they become extremely large.

So, is it possible to become pregnant with pcos ? I will say. it is not impossible.

So to help improve your chances,

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Eat healthy
  • Excercise
  • Monitor your ovulation and time sexual intercourse to coincide with this time

Treatment depends on your particular situation. Your doctor could order serial scans to continually observe the size of the cysts and see if they reduce in size.

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Another treatment option is the use of birth control pills to prevent the development of more cysts in future menstrual cycles. The final option is surgery.

Now the risks associated with pregnancy in a patient with PCOS include

1.
Miscarriage,

2.
High blood pressure,

3.
Premature birth and diabetes mellitus.

Now the good news is that all these risks can be reduced by having your doctor monitor the PCOS symptoms and have you take extra care during pregnancy.

Your doctor will advise on the best course of action based on your history….

Finally, you must work on your weight, if you have been diagnosed pcos, it is VERY important you lose weight

people with pcos can live healthy and happy…. It’s just a matter of “when we know better, we can do better”. And am sure you know what am talking about

One strange thing about pcos is that, it can stay hidden inside the body until the individual attains a certain adult age before it finally reveals it self. Thats why early detection is advised ……

Now Having Talked About Polycystic Ovary What About HIRSUTISM

Ever experienced a situation whereby, all of a sudden hairs start growing around your breast nipples,
Chest,
in ur anus,
in ur vagina (that is, under the vagina lips and in towards the back which ofcourse may cause lump),
under ur chin etc…..

Now I understand that people in this category usually feel embarrassed especially in public…

The condition highlighted above is  called hirsutism which is a situation in which there is excessive hairiness in a woman in places like the
face,
chest and back.

Funny enough, growing up, very hairy ladies were considered pretty special…In a good way
Yes no joke.

Personally, I fancy hairy ladies…. I wonder why so many of them think less of themselves just because they are hairy……..

According to doctor george, “I  use to feel bad (intimidated) when I see hairy ladies, perhaps bcause I’m not hairy as a man”

Anyways, this hirsutism can be caused by any situation that increases the male sex hormones (androgens) or increases the response of hair follicles to androgens.

Some conditions that can cause this hirsutism include Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
Some drugs,
Obesity etc… Yes read that again OBESITY ,You can’t have this kind of condition and still be adding weight and drinking all kinds of caffeinated drinks all the time……

Hirsutism is more likely in people who have a family history of pcos.

Dont get it twisted… It can also be found in women with no risk factors and women where no specific cause. (Take note).

But if specific causes are found eg
Obesity or PCOS, then it  should be addressed ASAP…..

There’s no lady in this category that at some point didn’t indulge in self medication…. and i know it didnt go well……..

As you may have found out, permanent methods of getting rid of the facial and other unwanted hair like laser treatment (which does not destroy the hair follicles) and electrolysis (which destroys hair follicles but may leave small scars on face) are expensive with laser being more popular and more expensive.

Mild cases of hirsutism can be dealt with by
Shaving,
Waxing,
Plucking or using depilatory creams…much as you would take care of underarm hair.

Birth control pills used over a period of 6 to 12 months may improve this condition by helping reduce the effects of androgens and reducing the production of more sex hormones. Anti-androgen drugs can also be used, but PLEASE HAVE YOUR DOCTOR PRESCRIBE FOR YOU.

For those in this caategory, i suggest you make out time to go find a gynaecologist as soon as you can and discuss this.

He will carry out a detailed investigation and then confirm treatment options that would work best for you depending on his findings eg whether the contraceptive pills are an option for you etc.

Until you’re able to do that, you may have to keep plucking, waxing or using depilatory creams.

As soon as you can afford it, laser treatment should be considered.

Shaving is also an option but it could lead to razor bumps in the groin/vagina like what you may have observed.

The reason for this is because in Africans body, the hair in the groin area is very curly and so it is pretty easy for the hair to curl and grow down instead of growing up and out.

These lead to red, raised spots/bumps which could get infected and become pus-filled.

More often than not, an ingrown hair does not require special treatment. They just leave quietly on their own…much like how they came.

This of course, presupposes that there is no shaving done during this period to aggravate the situation. In the meantime, do not squeeze the bumps as this may push the bacteria further inside.

You could use a soft bristled brush to loosen the hair before shaving or use a sterile needle or tweezers to tease out the ingrown hair(s) if it lies close to the surface.

How to prevent ingrown hairs? Simple! Stop shaving…at least for a while. That’s always an option.
There’s always a huge debate about whether things should be kept natural down there!  However, if you choose to shave, try using a scissors to trim, before using a single blade shave stick to shave.

Make the hair as wet as possible using shave foam and then shave in the direction of the growth of the hair. And while you may think it’s fun to be completely clean shaven there, try not to shave too close to the skin and rinse the shaver after each stroke  Pat the area gently afterwards…don’t rub vigorously.

Remember that re-using razors you have used on the infected parts may lead to further re-infection with bacteria that are on the surface of the razor.

Your doctor will make a definitive diagnosis. He/she may prescribe some anti-biotic ointment or oral antibiotics (taken by mouth) and some other ointments to stop the inflammation.

Remember that antibiotics should be taken for the full period prescribed by the doctor and not stopped as soon as you feel better.

And hey, there’s a particular mistake some of us do, and its not good. Using one shaving stick for both the armpit and the private area…..

Its wrong. Have two shaveing sticks. One for down there and the other for armpit.